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Complete List of ENumbers

By: Clare Birtles - Updated: 12 Jan 2021 | comments*Discuss
Enumbers List Table Read Enhancers

Remember not all Enumbers are bad...but sometimes it's useful to be able to check a list and make a reasonably educated decision about which ones you want avoid or simply consume in small quantities. We hope we've given you a lot of information across our website but realise that there is not always time for browsing and reading at leisure.

For quick reference we've put together two tables with comprehensive lists of enumbers and their categories. Also included for each category, is a link back to the relevant article, in case you'd like to read more. Hope you find this useful...as always, your comments are welcome!

Here is what's included in each table:

Table 1

  • Colours - E100 to E199
  • Additional Chemicals - E1000 to E1999
  • Preservatives - E200 to E299
  • Anti Oxidants and Acidity Regulators - E300 to E399

Table 2

  • Thickeners, Stabilisers and Emulsifiers - E400 to E499
  • Acidity Regulators and Anti Caking Agents - E500 to E599
  • Flavour Enhancers - E600 to E699
  • Miscellaneous E numbers - E900 to E999

Table 1

E100 - 199
Additional Chemicals
E1000 - 1999
E200 - 299
& Acidity Regulators
E300 - 399
E100 Curcumin, turmeric
E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
E101a Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate
E102 Tartrazine
E103 Chrysoine resorcinol
E104 Quinoline yellow
E105 Fast Yellow AB
E106 Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate
E107 Yellow 2G
E110 Sunset Yellow FCF
E111 Orange GGN
E120 Cochineal
E121 Orcein, Orchil
E122 Carmoisine
E123 Amaranth
E124 Ponceau 4R
E125 Ponceau SX, Scarlet GN
E126 Ponceau 6R
E127 Erythrosine
E128 Red 2G
E129 Allura Red AC
E130 Indanthrene blue RS
E131 Patent Blue V
E132 Indigo carmine
E133 Brilliant Blue FCF
E140 Chlorophylls
E141 Copper complexes of chlorophylls
and chlorophyllins
E142 Greens S
E143 Fast Green FCF
E150a Plain Caramel
E150b Caustic sulfite caramel
E150c Ammonia caramel
E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel
E151 Black PN
E152 Black 7984
E153 Carbon black
E154 Brown FK
E155 Brown HT
E160a Alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, gamma-carotene and carotene
E160b Annatto
E160c Paprika extract, Capsanthin
E160d Lycopene
E160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal
E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'- carotenic acid
E161 Xanthophylls
E161a Flavoxanthin
E161b Lutein
E161c Cryptoxanthin
E161d Rubixanthin
E161e Violaxanthin
E161f Rhodoxanthin
E161g Canthaxanthin
E161h Zeaxanthin
E161i Citranaxanthin
E161j Astaxanthin
E162 Beetroot Red
E163 Anthocyanins
E163a Cyanadin
E163b Delphinidin
E170 Calcium carbonate
E171 Titanium dioxide
E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides
E173 Aluminium
Read colours article
E1103 Invertase - a stabiliser
E1105 Lysozyme - a preservative
E1200 Polydextrose - a stabiliser, thickening agent, humectant and carrier
E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone - a stabiliser
E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone - a stabiliser and carrier
E1204 Pullulan
E1401 Modified starch - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1402 Alkaline modified starch - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1403 Bleached starch - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1404 Oxidised starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1410 Monostarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1412 Distarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1420 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1430 Distarch glycerine - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1440 Hydroxy propyl starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1441 Hydroxy propyl starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate - an emulsifier, stabiliser and thickening agent
E1451 Acetylated oxidised starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E4152 Starch aluminium octenyl succinate
Polyethylene glycol 6000
E1505 Triethyl citrate - a foam stabiliser
E1510 Ethanol
E1518 Glyceryl triacetate; triacetin - a humectant
E1520 Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol - a humectant
Read chemicals article
E200 - Sorbic acid
E201 - Sodium sorbate or sorbic acid sodium salt
E202 - Potassium sorbate
E203 - Calcium sorbate
E210 - Benzoic acid
E211 - Sodium benzoate
E212 - Potassium benzoate
E213 - Calcium benzoate
E214 - Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
E215 - Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt
E216 - Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
E217 - Sodium salt of E216
E218 - Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
E219 - Sodium salt of E218
E220 - Sulphur dioxide
E221 - Sodium sulphite
E222 - Sodium hydrogen sulphite
E223 - Sodium metabisulphite
E224 - Potassium metabisulphite
E225 - Potassium sulphite
E226 - Calcium sulphite
E227 - Calcium hydrogen sulphite
E228 - Potassium hydrogen sulphite
E230 - Biphenyl
E231 - 2-hydroxybiphenyl
E232 - Sodium biphenyl-2-yl oxide
E233 - 2-(Thiazol-4-yl) benzimidazole
E234 - Nisin
E235 - Pimaracin
E236 - Formic acid
E237 - Sodium formate
E238 - Calcium formate
E239 - Hexamine
E240 - Formaldehyde
E242 - Dimethylcarbonate
E249 - Potassium nitrate
E250 - Sodium nitrite
E251 - Sodium nitrate
E252 - Potassium nitrate
E260 - Acetic acid
E261 - Potassium acetate
E262 - Sodium acetate
E263 - Calcium acetate
E270 - Lactic acid
E280 - Propionic acid
E281 - Sodium propionate
E282 - Calcium propionate
E283 - Potassium propionate
E284 - Boric acid
E285 - Sodium tetraborate
E290 - Carbon dioxide
E296 - Malic acid
E297 - Fumaric acid
Read preservatives article
E300 - L-ascorbic acid
E301 - Sodium L-ascorbate
E302 - Calcium L-ascorbate
E304 - 6-0-palmitoyl-L-ascorbic acid
E306 - Extracts of tocopherols
E307 - Alfa-tocopherol
E308 - Gamma-tocopherol
E309 - Delta-tocopherol
E310 - Propyl gallate
E311 - Octyl gallate
E312 - Dodecyl gallate
E313 - Thiodipropionic acid
E314 - Guaiac gum
E315 - Erythorobic acid
E316 - Sodium erythorbate
E319 - Butylhydroxinon
E320 - Butylated hydroxyanisole
E321 - Butylated hydroxytoluene
E322 - Lecithin - a natural emulsifier
E325 - Sodium lactate
E326 - Potassium lactate
E327 - Calcium lactate
E330 - Citric acid
E331 - Sodium citrates
E332 - Potassium citrates - a buffer and emulsifying salt
E333 - Mono, di and tri-calcium citrate - a buffer, firming agent, emulsifying salt, sequestrant and flour improver
E334 - L-(+)-tartaric acid
E335 - Mono / di sodium L-(+)-tartate
E336 - Mono potassium L-(+)-tartate
E337 - Potassium sodium L-(+)-tartate
E338 - Phosphoric acid - a buffer
E339 - Sodium orthophosphates - a buffer
E440 - Potassium orthophosphates - a buffer
E341 - Magnesium orthophosphates - a buffer
E350 - Sodium malate
E351 - Potassium malate
E352 - Calcium malate
E353 - Meta tartaric acid - an emulsifier
E354 - Calcium tartarate
E355 - Adipic acid
E356 - Sodium adipate
E357 - Potassium adipate
E363 - Succinic acid
E365 - Sodium fumarate
E370 - 1,4, Heptonolactone
E375 - Nicotonic acid - a colour protector
E380 - Tri-ammonium citrate
E385 - Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate - a sequestrant
E386 - Disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate (EDTA) - a stabiliser
E387 - Oxysterarin - a stabiliser
E388 - Thiodipropionic acid
Read Antioxidants & Acidity regs article

Table 2

Stabilisers and Emulsifiers
Acidity Regulators
Anti-caking Agents
Flavour EnhancersMiscellaneous
E400 - Alginic acid
E401 - Sodium alginate
E402 - Potassium alginate
E403 - Ammonium alginate
E404 - Calcium alginate
E405 - Propane-1, 2-diol alginate
E406 - Agar
E407 - Carrageenan
E408 - Furcelleran
E410 - Locust bean gum
E411 - Oat gum
E412 - Guar gum
E413 - Tragacanth
E414 - Gum arabic
E415 - Xanthan gum
E416 - Karaya gum
E417 - Tara gum
E418 - Gellan gum
E420 - Sorbitol
E421 - Mannitol
E422 - Glycerol
E430 - Polyoxyethylene(8) stearate
E431 - Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
E432 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan monolaurate
E433 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan mono-oleate
E434 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan monopalmitate
E435 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan monostearate
E436 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan tristearate
E440 - Pectin
E442 - Ammonium phosphatides
E450 - Di- and polyphosphates
E451 - Triphosphates
E452 - Polyphosphates
E460 - Cellulose
E461 - Methyl cellulose
E462 - Ethyl cellulose
E463 - Hydroxypropyl cellulose
E464 - Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose
E465 - Methylethyl cellulose
E466 - Carboxymethyl cellulose
E470 - Fatty acid salts
E471 - Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids
E472 - Esters of mono- and diglycerides
E473 - Sugar esters of fatty acids
E474 - Sugarglycerides
E475 - Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
E476 - Polyglycerol polyricinoleate
E477 - Propyleneglycol esters of fatty acids
E478 - Mixture of glycerol and propyleneglycol esters of lactic acid and fatty acids
E479 - Esterified soy oil
E480 - Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate
E481 - Sodium stearoyl lactate
E482 - Calcium stearoyl lactate
E483 - Stearyl tartrate
E484 - Stearyl citrate
E490 - Propylene glycol
E491 - Sorbitane mono stearate
E492 - Sorbitane tri stearate
E493 - Sorbitane mono laurate
E494 - Sorbitane mono oleate
E495 - Sorbitane mono palmitate
Read thickeners & emulsifiers article
E500 - Sodium carbonate
E501 - Potassium carbonate
E503 - Ammonium carbonate
E504 - Magnesium carbonate
E507 - Hydrochloric acid
E508 - Potassium chloride
E509 - Calcium chloride
E511 - Magnesium chloride
E512 - Stannous chloride
E513 - Sulphuric acid
E514 - Sodium sulphates
E515 - Potassium sulphate
E516 - Calcium sulphate
E517 - Ammonium sulphate
E520 - Aluminium sulphate
E521 - Aluminium sodium sulphate
E522 - Aluminium potassium sulphate
E523 - Aluminium ammonium sulphate
E524 - Sodium hydroxide
E525 - Potassium hydroxide
E526 - Calcium hydroxide
E527 - Ammonium hydroxide
E528 - Magnesium hydroxide
E529 - Calcium oxide
E530 - Magnesium oxide
E535 - Sodium ferrocyanide
E536 - Potassium ferrocyanide
E538 - Calcium ferrocyanide
E541 - Sodium aluminium phosphate
E551 - Silicon dioxide
E552 - Calcium silicate
E553a - (i) Magnesium silicate and (ii) magnesium trisilicate
E553b - Talc
E554 - Sodium aluminium silicate
E555 - Potassium aluminium silicate
E556 - Aluminium calcium silicate
E558 - Bentonite
E559 - Kaolin
E570 - Fatty acids
E574 - Gluconic acid
E575 - Glucono delta-lactone
E576 - Sodium gluconate
E577 - Potassium gluconate
E578 - Calcium gluconate
E579 - Ferrous gluconate
E585 - Ferrous gluconate
Read acidity regulators and anti-caking article
E620 - Glutamic acid
E621 - Monosodium glutamate
E622 - Monopotassium glutamate
E623 - Calcium glutamate
E624 - Ammonium glutamate
E625 - Magnesium glutamate
E626 - Guanylic acid
E627 - Sodium guanylate
E628 - Di-potassium guanylate
E629 - Calcium guanylate
E630 - Inosinic acid
E631 - Sodium inosinate
E632 - Di-potassium inosinate
E633 - Calcium inosinate
E634 - Calcium ribonucleotides
E635 - Di-sodium ribonucleotides
E636 - Maltol
E637 - Ethylmaltol
E640 - Glycine and sodium glycinate
read flavour enhancers article
E900 Dimethylpolysiloxane
E901 Beeswax (white and yellow)
E903 Carnauba wax
E904 Shellac
E905 Paraffins
E907 Refined microcrystalline wax
E912 Montan acid esters
E914 Oxidised polyethylene wax
E920 L-cysteine and its hydrochlorides
E924 Potassium bromate
E925 Chlorine
E926 Chlorine dioxide
E927 Azodicarbonamide
E927a L-Cysteine
E927b Carbamide
E928 Benzol peroxide
E931 Nitrogen
E932 Nitrous oxide
E938 Argon
E939 Helium
E941 Nitrogen
E942 Nitrous oxide
E943a Butane
E943b Iso-butane
E944 Propane
E948 Oxygen
E949 Hydrogen
E950 Acesulphane
E951 Aspartame
E952 Cyclamic acid
E954 Saccharines
E957 Thaumatin
E965 Hydrogenated glucose syrup
E967 Xylitol
E999 Quillaia extract
Read miscellaneous E numbers article

More information

Read more information about the E numbers and the European Union here.

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Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
[Add a Comment]
Your list is wonderful. It would be easier for me to use if it were color-coded. Like red for the top E numbers to avoid, orange for not-recommended but not as dangerous, yellow is hard to see but you could use it if you outlined the yellow box and put (yellow) in small letters underneath, green, even blue for recommended as additives that might make us healthier.
lovvbugg - 12-Jan-21 @ 7:43 PM
do you know why the list of E numbers starts at 100 and not 001 - ie there are none below 100.I'd love to know!
munro - 29-May-20 @ 2:39 PM
I have been taking tamoxefin for almost three years, seven to go! I found the are less side effects with brands with no E numbers, but can’t always get the one that only has K25 no E numbers. I still have several side effects at leads four but. The Enumber ones upset my funny. Why? My chemist can’t always get the one in the green box that’s suites me best. Thank you Margaret
Mags - 29-May-19 @ 3:07 PM
Where can I find the E numbers on a packet of chips or a pack of biscuits?
Georgia - 22-Apr-19 @ 11:05 AM
on zemtard 240xl240 mghave serious itchingand not sleeping tablets have E132E171 E172 are these the cause
poppy - 16-Nov-18 @ 7:50 AM
i want all my number list showing for me
M.Usman B.S - 14-Nov-18 @ 1:34 PM
God Bless You n Your Team for all your efforts
Ravimilli - 18-Mar-18 @ 1:13 PM
verbatim889 - Your Question:
I was taking Xenalven XL 75mg tablets with the E110 sunset yellow in it and it has caused me to come out in a very severe itchy rash mostly on my legs but all over my body i.e head,face,belly,very bad on legs,feet,penis,hands,back,neck they itch until you make them bleed.

Our Response:
Allergic reactions are sometimes found with E110 but it is not banned in the UK.
ExploreENumbers - 1-Mar-16 @ 10:12 AM
i was taking Xenalven XL 75mg tablets with the E110 sunset yellow in it and it has caused me to come out in a very severe itchy rash mostly on my legs but all over my body i.e head,face,belly,very bad on legs,feet,penis,hands,back,neck they itch until you make them bleed.
verbatim889 - 27-Feb-16 @ 4:12 AM
@TC. The only real way to find an answer to this would be via an allergy test or similar. Your GP will be able to give you more advice on this.
ExploreENumbers - 4-Mar-15 @ 12:30 PM
My mum seems to have an immediate reaction ie; sensitivity in her gums whilst drinking latte.. Cld the E numbers listed inthe packet be the cause of this? She doesnt add any extra sugar. The e numbers listedon the packet are: e535, e340, e331 & e452. She doesnt seem to have the same reaction when taking other hot drinks such as tea/coffee.
TC - 28-Feb-15 @ 5:12 PM
@mohammed. All ingredients do have to be on the label of most food products now.
ExploreENumbers - 11-Jul-14 @ 12:50 PM
I think that it is absolutely necessary that the origin of each e number (plant , animal or insect ) be clearly indicated on each product that it's used in. E numbers are very deceptive and actually hide the truth of the ingredients. Isn't it people's right that they should knowwhat they could unwillingly be consuming or being fed. Just a reminder that not everyone is okay with eating insect , animal and or plant ingredients.
mohammed - 11-Jul-14 @ 7:54 AM
When l first came across e numbers it was in squash,l was lead to believe high numbers are the ones to avoid.looking at the lists you show on other pages this doesnt seem to be the case oxygen in the 900s,what l need to know is what to avoid generaly on a day to day basis with my grandson
Pat - 17-Oct-13 @ 5:24 PM
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